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Tag: Visual edit
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Tag: Visual edit
Line 5: Line 5:
 
''Hoot Middle East & Africa'' was formed out of the consolidation of African assets owned by Orange SA, Altice and Viettel Global, which OWL acquired shortly before founding Orange Africa. Nexttel in Cameroon was merged into Orange Cameroon during the consolidation.
 
''Hoot Middle East & Africa'' was formed out of the consolidation of African assets owned by Orange SA, Altice and Viettel Global, which OWL acquired shortly before founding Orange Africa. Nexttel in Cameroon was merged into Orange Cameroon during the consolidation.
   
Around 2021, Styhon Battersea announced to merge into [[Vuori]], which caused Vuori to consider merging it's African operations with Hoot's African operations. Airtel Africa, Vodacom, Hoot Middle East & Africa, Africell, Moov, Mascom, Maroc Telecom, Zain, Batelco, Vodafone Africa and MTN Group soon were consolidated into Orange in 2021, under a joint venture between OWL and Vuori.
+
Around 2021, Styhon Battersea announced to merge into [[Vuori]], which caused Vuori to consider merging it's African operations with Hoot's African operations. Airtel Africa, Vodacom, Hoot Middle East & Africa, Africell, Moov, Mascom, Maroc Telecom, Touch (Lebanon), Zain, Batelco, Vodafone Africa and MTN Group soon were consolidated into Orange in 2021, under a joint venture between OWL and Vuori.
 
==Ownership structure==
 
==Ownership structure==
 
Hoot and Crown settled on the former getting a majority stake, since they owned all rights to the Orange brand. Orange Africa works as a licensee.
 
Hoot and Crown settled on the former getting a majority stake, since they owned all rights to the Orange brand. Orange Africa works as a licensee.
Line 11: Line 11:
 
*'''[[Crown (telecommunications)|Crown]]''' (34%)
 
*'''[[Crown (telecommunications)|Crown]]''' (34%)
 
*'''Saudi government''' through '''GOSI''', '''TeleInvest''' and '''PIF''' (12%)
 
*'''Saudi government''' through '''GOSI''', '''TeleInvest''' and '''PIF''' (12%)
*'''Governments of Morocco, Sudan, Bahrain, Mali, Senegal, Angola, Jordan, Cabo Verde and Burkina Faso''' (13% held collectively under Orange Africa Holdings Limited)
+
*'''Governments of Morocco, Sudan, Bahrain, Mali, Senegal, Angola, Jordan, Lebanon, Ghana, Nigeria, Cabo Verde, Syria, Qatar and Burkina Faso''' (13% held collectively under Orange Africa Holdings Limited)
 
*'''Emirati government''' (3%)
 
*'''Emirati government''' (3%)
 
*'''{{w|Viettel}}''' (3%)
 
*'''{{w|Viettel}}''' (3%)
 
==Presence==
 
==Presence==
{| border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" style="width:90%;" class="article-table"
+
{| class="article-table sortable" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" style="width:90%;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="col"|Country
 
! scope="col"|Country
 
! scope="col"|Year when founded/branded as Orange
 
! scope="col"|Year when founded/branded as Orange
 
! scope="col"|Formerly known as
 
! scope="col"|Formerly known as
  +
!Ranking
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Afghanistan
 
|Afghanistan
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Etisalat (2007-2021)<br />MTN (2008-2021)
 
|Etisalat (2007-2021)<br />MTN (2008-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Asia_Pacific_region#Afghanistan 1st?]
 
|-
 
|Algeria
 
|2021
 
|Djeezy (2001-2021)<br />'''Ooredoo:'''<br />Nedjma (2004-2013)<br />Ooredoo (2013-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Algeria 1st?]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Angola
 
|Angola
Line 29: Line 36:
 
|Movicel (2003-2021)
 
|Movicel (2003-2021)
 
[[Wikipedia:Untiel (Angola)|Unitel]]​ and [https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Multitel&action=edit&redlink=1 Multitel] (???-2021)
 
[[Wikipedia:Untiel (Angola)|Unitel]]​ and [https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Multitel&action=edit&redlink=1 Multitel] (???-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Angola 1st]
|-
 
|Algeria
 
|2021
 
|Djeezy (2001-2021)<br />'''Ooredoo:'''<br />Nedjma (2004-2013)<br />Ooredoo (2013-2021)
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Bahrain
 
|Bahrain
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Batelco (1981-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />MTC-Vodafone (2003-200?)<br />Zain (200?-2021)
 
|Batelco (1981-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />MTC-Vodafone (2003-200?)<br />Zain (200?-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Bahrain 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Benin
 
|Benin
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Spacetel (????-2006)<br />MTN (2006-2021)<br />Moov (????-2021)
 
|Spacetel (????-2006)<br />MTN (2006-2021)<br />Moov (????-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Benin 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Botswana
 
|Botswana
 
|2003
 
|2003
 
|Vista Cellular (1998-2003)<br />MASCOM (1998-2021)
 
|Vista Cellular (1998-2003)<br />MASCOM (1998-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Botswana 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Burkina Faso
 
|Burkina Faso
 
|2016
 
|2016
 
|Onatel (1994-2021)
 
|Onatel (1994-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Burkina_Faso 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Cabo Verde
 
|Cabo Verde
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|CV Móvel
 
|CV Móvel
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Cabo_Verde 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[wikipedia:Orange RDC|Democratic Republic of Congo]]
 
|[[wikipedia:Orange RDC|Democratic Republic of Congo]]
 
|2012
 
|2012
 
|Vodacom (2002-2021)<br />Africell (2012-2021)<br />'''Orange DRC:'''<br />Congo Chine Télécoms (2001-2012)<br />'''Airtel DRC:'''<br />Celtel (2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Vodacom (2002-2021)<br />Africell (2012-2021)<br />'''Orange DRC:'''<br />Congo Chine Télécoms (2001-2012)<br />'''Airtel DRC:'''<br />Celtel (2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Cameroon
 
|Cameroon
 
|2002
 
|2002
 
|MTN (2000-2021)<br />Nexttel (2014-2021)<br />'''Orange Cameroon:'''<br />Mobilis (1999-2002)
 
|MTN (2000-2021)<br />Nexttel (2014-2021)<br />'''Orange Cameroon:'''<br />Mobilis (1999-2002)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Cameroon 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Central African Republic
 
|Central African Republic
 
|2007
 
|2007
 
|Moov (2005-2021)
 
|Moov (2005-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Central_African_Republic 1st or 2nd?]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Chad
 
|Chad
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Tigo (2005-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Tigo (2005-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Chad 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Republic of the Congo
 
|Republic of the Congo
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN (2000-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />MSI Cellular Investments (1998-2004)<br />Celtel (2004-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|MTN (2000-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />MSI Cellular Investments (1998-2004)<br />Celtel (2004-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Congo 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Egypt
 
|Egypt
Line 80: Line 94:
   
 
Mobinil (1998-2016)
 
Mobinil (1998-2016)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Egypt 1st?]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Eswatini
 
|Eswatini
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN (1998-2021)
 
|MTN (1998-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Swaziland 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Gabon
 
|Gabon
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Moov (2000?-2021)<br />Gabon Telecom/Libertis (1999-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (2000-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Moov (2000?-2021)<br />Gabon Telecom/Libertis (1999-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (2000-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Gabon 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Gambia
 
|Gambia
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Africell (2001-2021)
 
|Africell (2001-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Gambia 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Ghana
 
|Ghana
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN (1994-2021)<br />'''AirtelTigo:'''<br />Airtel (1990?-2017)<br />Tigo (1991-2017)<br />AirtelTigo (2017-2021)<br />'''Vodafone:'''<br />Ghana Telecom (1974-2009)<br />Vodafone (2009-2021)
 
|MTN (1994-2021)<br />'''AirtelTigo:'''<br />Airtel (1990?-2017)<br />Tigo (1991-2017)<br />AirtelTigo (2017-2021)<br />'''Vodafone:'''<br />Ghana Telecom (1974-2009)<br />Vodafone (2009-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Ghana 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Guinea
 
|Guinea
 
|2007
 
|2007
 
|MTN (2006?-2021)
 
|MTN (2006?-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Guinea 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Guinea-Bissau
 
|Guinea-Bissau
 
|2008?
 
|2008?
 
|Spacetel (1994-2006)<br />MTN (2006-2021)
 
|Spacetel (1994-2006)<br />MTN (2006-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Guinea-Bissau 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Iraq
 
|Iraq
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Asiacell (1999-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />MTC-Vodafone (2003?-2007)<br />Zain (2008-2021)
 
|Asiacell (1999-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />MTC-Vodafone (2003?-2007)<br />Zain (2008-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Iraq 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Ivory Coast
 
|Ivory Coast
 
|2002
 
|2002
 
|Ivoiris (1996-2002)<br />MTN (1996-2021)<br />Moov (2006-2021)
 
|Ivoiris (1996-2002)<br />MTN (1996-2021)<br />Moov (2006-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#C%C3%B4te_d'Ivoire 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Wikipedia:Orange Jordan|Jordan]]
 
|[[Wikipedia:Orange Jordan|Jordan]]
Line 121: Line 144:
   
 
Fastlink (1994-2007?)<br />Zain (2007?-2021)
 
Fastlink (1994-2007?)<br />Zain (2007?-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Jordan 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Kenya
 
|Kenya
 
|1999 <small>(original)</small><br />2021 <small>(current)</small>
 
|1999 <small>(original)</small><br />2021 <small>(current)</small>
 
|'''Orange Kenya:'''<br />{{w|Telkom Kenya}} (2011-present)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (2000-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|'''Orange Kenya:'''<br />{{w|Telkom Kenya}} (2011-present)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (2000-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Kenya 2nd]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Kuwait
 
|Kuwait
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTC (1983-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2021)
 
|MTC (1983-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Kuwait 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Lebanon
 
|Lebanon
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Touch (2004-2021)
 
|Touch (2004-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Lebanon 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Lesotho
 
|Lesotho
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Vodacom (1996-2021)
 
|Vodacom (1996-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Lesotho 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Liberia
 
|Liberia
 
|2017
 
|2017
 
|Cellcom (2004-2017)<br />{{w|Lonestar Cell}} (2000-2021)
 
|Cellcom (2004-2017)<br />{{w|Lonestar Cell}} (2000-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Liberia 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Madagascar
 
|Madagascar
 
|2003
 
|2003
 
|Antaris (1998-2003)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Madacom (1997-2006)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Antaris (1998-2003)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Madacom (1997-2006)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Madagascar 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Malawi
 
|Malawi
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Celtel (1999-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Celtel (1999-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Malawi 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mali
 
|Mali
Line 158: Line 189:
   
 
Sotelma (1989-2021) & Malitel (2000?-2021)
 
Sotelma (1989-2021) & Malitel (2000?-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Mali 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mauritania
 
|Mauritania
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Mauritel (1999-2021)
 
|Mauritel (1999-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Mauritania 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Morocco
 
|Morocco
 
|2016
 
|2016
 
|Meditel (1999-2016)<br />Maroc Telecom (1998-2021)<br />'''Inwi (Zain):'''<br />Wanadoo Maroc/Wanadoo Connect (1999-2004)<br />Maroc Connect (2004-2009)<br />Inwi (2009-2021)
 
|Meditel (1999-2016)<br />Maroc Telecom (1998-2021)<br />'''Inwi (Zain):'''<br />Wanadoo Maroc/Wanadoo Connect (1999-2004)<br />Maroc Connect (2004-2009)<br />Inwi (2009-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Morocco 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mozambique
 
|Mozambique
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Vodacom (2003-2021)
 
|Vodacom (2003-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Mozambique 2nd]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Niger
 
|Niger
Line 175: Line 210:
 
|
 
|
 
Moov (2000?-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
Moov (2000?-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Niger 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Nigeria
 
|Nigeria
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN (1994?-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|MTN (1994?-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Nigeria 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Oman
 
|Oman
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Oman Future Telecommunications/Vodafone Oman (2018-2021)<br />'''Ooredoo:'''<br />Nawras (2004-2015)<br />Ooredoo (2015-2021)
 
|Oman Future Telecommunications/Vodafone Oman (2018-2021)<br />'''Ooredoo:'''<br />Nawras (2004-2015)<br />Ooredoo (2015-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Oman 2nd]
 
|-
 
|-
  +
|Palestine (sometimes referred to as Palestinian territories)
|Palestine
 
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|[[Wikipedia:Ooredoo Palestine|Ooredoo Palestine]]
 
|[[Wikipedia:Ooredoo Palestine|Ooredoo Palestine]]
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Palestine 2nd]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Qatar
 
|Qatar
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Vodafone (2008-2021)<br />'''Ooredoo:'''<br />Qtel (1987-2013)<br />Ooredoo (2013-2021)
 
|Vodafone (2008-2021)<br />'''Ooredoo:'''<br />Qtel (1987-2013)<br />Ooredoo (2013-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Qatar 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Reunion
 
|Reunion
 
|2000
 
|2000
 
|
 
|
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#La_R%C3%A9union 2nd?]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Rwanda
 
|Rwanda
Line 202: Line 243:
   
 
Airtel
 
Airtel
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Rwanda 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|São Tomé (and Príncipe)
 
|São Tomé (and Príncipe)
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|CST
 
|CST
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#S%C3%A3o_Tom%C3%A9_and_Pr%C3%ADncipe 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Saudi Arabia
 
|Saudi Arabia
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Zain (2008-2021)
 
|Zain (2008-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Saudi_Arabia 1st?]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Senegal
 
|Senegal
Line 217: Line 261:
   
 
Sentel (1999-2006)<br />Tigo (2006-2021)
 
Sentel (1999-2006)<br />Tigo (2006-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Senegal 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Seychelles
 
|Seychelles
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Telecom Seychelles (1998-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Telecom Seychelles (1998-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Seychelles 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Sierra Leone
 
|Sierra Leone
 
|2017
 
|2017
 
|Africell (2005-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (1998?-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2017)
 
|Africell (2005-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (1998?-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2017)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Sierra_Leone 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|South Africa
 
|South Africa
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Cell C (2001-2021)<br />MTN (1994-2021)
 
|Cell C (2001-2021)<br />MTN (1994-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#South_Africa 1st?]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|South Sudan
 
|South Sudan
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN Sudan (2005-2011?)<br />MTN South Sudan (2011?-2021)<br />'''Sudani:'''<br />Sudatel (1993-2011)<br />Sudani (2011-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />Mobitel (1996-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2021)
 
|MTN Sudan (2005-2011?)<br />MTN South Sudan (2011?-2021)<br />'''Sudani:'''<br />Sudatel (1993-2011)<br />Sudani (2011-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />Mobitel (1996-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#South_Sudan 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|St. Helena and Ascension Island
 
|St. Helena and Ascension Island
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Sure Mobile (????-2021)
 
|Sure Mobile (????-2021)
  +
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Sudan
 
|Sudan
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN (2005-2021)<br />Sudatel (1993-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />Mobitel (1996-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2021)
 
|MTN (2005-2021)<br />Sudatel (1993-2021)<br />'''Zain:'''<br />Mobitel (1996-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Sudan 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Syria
 
|Syria
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Areeba (2001-2007)<br />MTN (2007-2021)
 
|Areeba (2001-2007)<br />MTN (2007-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Syrian_Arab_Republic 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Tanzania
 
|Tanzania
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Vodacom (2000-2021)<br />'''Tigo:'''<br />Mobitel (1994-2006)<br />Tigo (2006-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (????-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|Vodacom (2000-2021)<br />'''Tigo:'''<br />Mobitel (1994-2006)<br />Tigo (2006-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Celtel (????-2007)<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Tanzania_(United_Republic_of) 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Togo
 
|Togo
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Moov (2002-2021)
 
|Moov (2002-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Togo 2nd]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Tunisia
 
|Tunisia
Line 260: Line 314:
   
 
Tunisiana (2004-2014)<br />Ooredoo Tunisie (2014-2021)
 
Tunisiana (2004-2014)<br />Ooredoo Tunisie (2014-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Tunisia 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Uganda
 
|Uganda
 
|2008 <small>(original)</small><br />2021 <small>(current)</small>
 
|2008 <small>(original)</small><br />2021 <small>(current)</small>
 
|'''Orange Uganda:'''<br />Africell (2014-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2008-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)<br />'''MTN:'''<br />MTN (1998-2021)
 
|'''Orange Uganda:'''<br />Africell (2014-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2008-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)<br />'''MTN:'''<br />MTN (1998-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Uganda 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|United Arab Emirates
 
|United Arab Emirates
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Etisalat (1976-2021)
 
|Etisalat (1976-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#United_Arab_Emirates 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Yemen
 
|Yemen
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|Spacetel (2000-2007)<br />MTN (2007-2021)
 
|Spacetel (2000-2007)<br />MTN (2007-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Yemen 1st]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Zambia
 
|Zambia
 
|2021
 
|2021
 
|MTN (1994?-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
 
|MTN (1994?-2021)<br />'''Airtel:'''<br />Zain (2007-2010)<br />Airtel (2010-2021)
  +
|[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mobile_network_operators_of_the_Middle_East_and_Africa#Zambia 1st]
 
|}
 
|}
   
Line 293: Line 352:
 
* Kenya Postel Directories (60%) - Kenya
 
* Kenya Postel Directories (60%) - Kenya
 
*​[[Wikipedia:Sabafon|Sabafon]]​ (~27%) - Yemen
 
*​[[Wikipedia:Sabafon|Sabafon]]​ (~27%) - Yemen
  +
*​ [[Wikipedia:Vodacom|Vodacom]] - South Africa
 
* ​[[Wikipedia:Korek Telecom|Korek Telecom]]​ (20%) - Iraqi Kurdistan
 
* ​[[Wikipedia:Korek Telecom|Korek Telecom]]​ (20%) - Iraqi Kurdistan
 
* Getesa (40%) - Equatorial Guinea
 
* Getesa (40%) - Equatorial Guinea

Revision as of 12:59, 3 February 2021

Orange Africa is a mobile telecommunications company in Africa and the Middle East, founded in 2021 by OWL Ventures and Vuori.

History

Styhon Battersea Telecommunications Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa Limited was formed out of a merger between ​Axiata Group​, ​Millicom​, ​Bharti Airtel​, ​Zain Group​, ​Vodacom​, ​Global Telecom Holding​/​VEON​, ​Africell​ and ​MTN Group​, integrated with NEQSOL Holding's telecommunications operations, and Vodafone's operations in Oceania, Africa, Asia and Middle East, all under Styhon Battersea's ownership.

Hoot Middle East & Africa was formed out of the consolidation of African assets owned by Orange SA, Altice and Viettel Global, which OWL acquired shortly before founding Orange Africa. Nexttel in Cameroon was merged into Orange Cameroon during the consolidation.

Around 2021, Styhon Battersea announced to merge into Vuori, which caused Vuori to consider merging it's African operations with Hoot's African operations. Airtel Africa, Vodacom, Hoot Middle East & Africa, Africell, Moov, Mascom, Maroc Telecom, Touch (Lebanon), Zain, Batelco, Vodafone Africa and MTN Group soon were consolidated into Orange in 2021, under a joint venture between OWL and Vuori.

Ownership structure

Hoot and Crown settled on the former getting a majority stake, since they owned all rights to the Orange brand. Orange Africa works as a licensee.

  • Hoot (35%)
  • Crown (34%)
  • Saudi government through GOSI, TeleInvest and PIF (12%)
  • Governments of Morocco, Sudan, Bahrain, Mali, Senegal, Angola, Jordan, Lebanon, Ghana, Nigeria, Cabo Verde, Syria, Qatar and Burkina Faso (13% held collectively under Orange Africa Holdings Limited)
  • Emirati government (3%)
  • Viettel (3%)

Presence

Country Year when founded/branded as Orange Formerly known as Ranking
Afghanistan 2021 Etisalat (2007-2021)
MTN (2008-2021)
1st?
Algeria 2021 Djeezy (2001-2021)
Ooredoo:
Nedjma (2004-2013)
Ooredoo (2013-2021)
1st?
Angola 2021 Movicel (2003-2021)

Unitel​ and Multitel (???-2021)

1st
Bahrain 2021 Batelco (1981-2021)
Zain:
MTC-Vodafone (2003-200?)
Zain (200?-2021)
1st
Benin 2021 Spacetel (????-2006)
MTN (2006-2021)
Moov (????-2021)
1st
Botswana 2003 Vista Cellular (1998-2003)
MASCOM (1998-2021)
1st
Burkina Faso 2016 Onatel (1994-2021) 1st
Cabo Verde 2021 CV Móvel 1st
Democratic Republic of Congo 2012 Vodacom (2002-2021)
Africell (2012-2021)
Orange DRC:
Congo Chine Télécoms (2001-2012)
Airtel DRC:
Celtel (2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Cameroon 2002 MTN (2000-2021)
Nexttel (2014-2021)
Orange Cameroon:
Mobilis (1999-2002)
1st
Central African Republic 2007 Moov (2005-2021) 1st or 2nd?
Chad 2021 Tigo (2005-2021)
Airtel:
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Republic of the Congo 2021 MTN (2000-2021)
Airtel:
MSI Cellular Investments (1998-2004)
Celtel (2004-2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Egypt 2016 Etisalat Misr (2007-2021)

Orange Egypt:

Mobinil (1998-2016)

1st?
Eswatini 2021 MTN (1998-2021) 1st
Gabon 2021 Moov (2000?-2021)
Gabon Telecom/Libertis (1999-2021)
Airtel:
Celtel (2000-2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Gambia 2021 Africell (2001-2021) 1st
Ghana 2021 MTN (1994-2021)
AirtelTigo:
Airtel (1990?-2017)
Tigo (1991-2017)
AirtelTigo (2017-2021)
Vodafone:
Ghana Telecom (1974-2009)
Vodafone (2009-2021)
1st
Guinea 2007 MTN (2006?-2021) 1st
Guinea-Bissau 2008? Spacetel (1994-2006)
MTN (2006-2021)
1st
Iraq 2021 Asiacell (1999-2021)
Zain:
MTC-Vodafone (2003?-2007)
Zain (2008-2021)
1st
Ivory Coast 2002 Ivoiris (1996-2002)
MTN (1996-2021)
Moov (2006-2021)
1st
Jordan 1999 Jordan Telecom (1971-2021; merged with Zain Jordan into Orange)

Orange Jordan (1999-present)

Zain Jordan:

Fastlink (1994-2007?)
Zain (2007?-2021)

1st
Kenya 1999 (original)
2021 (current)
Orange Kenya:
Telkom Kenya (2011-present)
Airtel:
Celtel (2000-2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
2nd
Kuwait 2021 MTC (1983-2007)
Zain (2007-2021)
1st
Lebanon 2021 Touch (2004-2021) 1st
Lesotho 2021 Vodacom (1996-2021) 1st
Liberia 2017 Cellcom (2004-2017)
Lonestar Cell (2000-2021)
1st
Madagascar 2003 Antaris (1998-2003)
Airtel:
Madacom (1997-2006)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Malawi 2021 Celtel (1999-2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Mali 2006 Orange Mali:

Ikatel (2003-2006)

Sotelma/Malitel:

Sotelma (1989-2021) & Malitel (2000?-2021)

1st
Mauritania 2021 Mauritel (1999-2021) 1st
Morocco 2016 Meditel (1999-2016)
Maroc Telecom (1998-2021)
Inwi (Zain):
Wanadoo Maroc/Wanadoo Connect (1999-2004)
Maroc Connect (2004-2009)
Inwi (2009-2021)
1st
Mozambique 2021 Vodacom (2003-2021) 2nd
Niger 2008

Moov (2000?-2021)
Airtel:
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)

1st
Nigeria 2021 MTN (1994?-2021)
Airtel:
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Oman 2021 Oman Future Telecommunications/Vodafone Oman (2018-2021)
Ooredoo:
Nawras (2004-2015)
Ooredoo (2015-2021)
2nd
Palestine (sometimes referred to as Palestinian territories) 2021 Ooredoo Palestine 2nd
Qatar 2021 Vodafone (2008-2021)
Ooredoo:
Qtel (1987-2013)
Ooredoo (2013-2021)
1st
Reunion 2000 2nd?
Rwanda 2021 MTN Rwandacell (Crystal Telecom Rwanda)

Tigo

Airtel

1st
São Tomé (and Príncipe) 2021 CST 1st
Saudi Arabia 2021 Zain (2008-2021) 1st?
Senegal 2021 Sonatel (1989-2021)

Tigo:

Sentel (1999-2006)
Tigo (2006-2021)

1st
Seychelles 2021 Telecom Seychelles (1998-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Sierra Leone 2017 Africell (2005-2021)
Airtel:
Celtel (1998?-2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2017)
1st
South Africa 2021 Cell C (2001-2021)
MTN (1994-2021)
1st?
South Sudan 2021 MTN Sudan (2005-2011?)
MTN South Sudan (2011?-2021)
Sudani:
Sudatel (1993-2011)
Sudani (2011-2021)
Zain:
Mobitel (1996-2007)
Zain (2007-2021)
1st
St. Helena and Ascension Island 2021 Sure Mobile (????-2021)
Sudan 2021 MTN (2005-2021)
Sudatel (1993-2021)
Zain:
Mobitel (1996-2007)
Zain (2007-2021)
1st
Syria 2021 Areeba (2001-2007)
MTN (2007-2021)
1st
Tanzania 2021 Vodacom (2000-2021)
Tigo:
Mobitel (1994-2006)
Tigo (2006-2021)
Airtel:
Celtel (????-2007)
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st
Togo 2021 Moov (2002-2021) 2nd
Tunisia 2009 Orange Tunisia (2009-)

Ooredoo:

Tunisiana (2004-2014)
Ooredoo Tunisie (2014-2021)

1st
Uganda 2008 (original)
2021 (current)
Orange Uganda:
Africell (2014-2021)
Airtel:
Zain (2008-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
MTN:
MTN (1998-2021)
1st
United Arab Emirates 2021 Etisalat (1976-2021) 1st
Yemen 2021 Spacetel (2000-2007)
MTN (2007-2021)
1st
Zambia 2021 MTN (1994?-2021)
Airtel:
Zain (2007-2010)
Airtel (2010-2021)
1st

They have joint ventures with Ericsson and Siemens to improve Orange's networks in Middle East and Africa.

Subsidiaries and stakes

  • Roshan​ (12.25%) - Afghanistan; inherited from Telia Company acquisition
  • Expresso Telecom​ (75%) - Ghana and Senegal
  • Tunisie Telecom​ - 15% stake; Tunisia, acquired in 2020
    • GoMalta - 60% stake; Malta
  • Telecel - 60% stake; Zimbabwe
  • Safaricom​ - 40% stake; Kenya
  • 9mobile - majority stake; Nigeria
  • Mobily​ - 27% stake; Saudi Arabia
  • MTC​ (34%) - Namibia
  • Mauritius Telecom​ (40%) - Mauritius
    • Orange Mauritius
  • Kenya Postel Directories (60%) - Kenya
  • Sabafon​ (~27%) - Yemen
  • Vodacom - South Africa
  • Korek Telecom​ (20%) - Iraqi Kurdistan
  • Getesa (40%) - Equatorial Guinea
  • MTN Irancell​ - 49/51 joint venture with Iran Electronic Development Company
  • Holding Company MTN Libya - 50/50 joint venture with the Libyan Post Telecommunications & Information Technology Company, formed from the merger between MTN Group's operations in Libya, and Al-Madar
  • Ufone​ - 26% stake; Pakistan
  • Umniah​ - Jordan
  • ​ ELTA (55%) - Angolan phone directory company
  • Lumitel - Burundi
  • Africell​ - Gambia
  • Jazz​ - Pakistan
  • Movitel​ - Mozambique
  • Halotel​ - Tanzania
  • Chinguitel - Mauritania
  • Somali Telecom Group
  • Styhon Battersea Telecommunications Network Development Company - a consortium-like joint venture with Djibouti Telecom​, ​Ethio Telecom​ and ​Eritel​, through which they will improve mobile services and also offer them through either their new brand "Africom" and the Vodafone brand, depending on the provider
  • Vodafone Egypt
  • MTN Mobile Money
  • tigo Pesa
  • Mobi Cash
  • JazzCash
  • Flous - mobile payment service

See also

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