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{{Infobox film|name = Blue and the Lost Puppy of Paw|image = Blue and the Lost Puppy of Paw Poster 2022 Blue Character.png|director = Kevin Feige|producer = Anthony Russo, Joe Russo|executive_producer = Scarlett Johansson. Stan Lee. Jon Favreau. Taika Waititi. Maurissa Tancharoen. Kevin Feige. Melissa Rosenberg. James Gunn.|writer = Joe Russo Anthony Russo|screenwriter = Joe Russo Anthony Russo|story = Anthony Russo Joe Russo|based_on = Blue's Clues by Nick Jr., Noggin and Treehouse TV|starring = Jim Parsons
Donovan Patton
Neve Campbell
Amanda Seyfried
Kevin Michael Richardson
Jenny Slate
Jennifer Love Hewitt
Julie Andrews|narrator = Kendrick Lamar|music = Mark Mothersbaugh|songs = Kendrick Lamar|score = Kendrick Lamar|cinematography = Trent Opaloch|editing = Jeffrey Ford Matthew Schmidt|studio = Nickelodeon Movies|distributor = Paramount Animation[[|released = March 23rd, 2020|runtime = 109 minutes|country = United States|language = English|aspect_ratio = 16:0|rating = PG 13: for intense sequences of sci-fi violence and action throughout, language and some crude references.|budget = $800 million|gross = $900 million}} Blue and the Lost Puppy of Paw is a 2020 American teen romance comedy film produced by Nickelodeon Movies and distributed by Paramount animation

Synopsis

Plot

Cast

Voice Cast

Producton

In October 2014, Marvel announced a two-part sequel to Age of Ultron, titled Avengers: Infinity WarPart 1 was scheduled to be released on May 4, 2018, with Part 2 scheduled for May 3, 2019.[84][85] In April 2015, Marvel announced that Anthony and Joe Russo would direct both parts of Avengers: Infinity War,[86] with back-to-back filming expected to begin in 2016.[87]Also in the month, Kevin Feige said the films were titled as two parts of a single film "because they [have] such shared elements", but he would not actually describe them as "one story that's cut in half. I would say it's going to be two distinct movies."[88] By May 2015, Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely signed on to write the screenplays for both parts of the film.[89] The following May, the Russos revealed that they would be retitling the two films, to further remove the misconception that the films were one large film split in two, with Joe stating, "The intention is we will change [the titles], we just haven't come up with [them] yet."[90] In July 2016, Marvel removed the film's title, simply referring to it as Untitled Avengersfilm.[91] Feige and the Russo brothers indicated the title was being withheld because it would give away plot details for this film and Infinity War.[92][93]

Principal photography began on August 10, 2017,[94] under the working title Mary Lou 2,[95] at Pinewood Atlanta Studios in Fayette County, Georgia,[96] with Trent Opaloch serving as director of photography.[97] The film, along with Infinity War, were shot using IMAX/Arri 2D cameras, thus marking the first time that a Hollywood feature film was shot entirely with IMAX digital cameras.[98] Also in the month, filming occurred in The Gulch area of Downtown Atlanta, near the Five Points MARTA station, and Piedmont Park.[99] Feige explained that the films were originally scheduled to be filmed simultaneously but were ultimately shot back-to-back, as "It became too complicated to cross-board them like that, and we found ourselves—again, something would always pay the price. We wanted to be able to focus and shoot one movie and then focus and shoot another movie."[100] Anthony Russo originally felt it made more sense to shoot the films simultaneously due to financial and logistical reasons considering the large number of cast members, even though each part is its own distinct film,[101] and suggested that "some days we'll be shooting the first movie and some days we'll be shooting the second movie. Just jumping back and forth."[97] Production wrapped on January 11, 2018,[102] although additional filming took place in Dutchess and Ulster counties in New York in June 2018.[103] Reshoots began by September 7, 2018,[104] and concluded on October 12, 2018.[105] More reshoots occurred in January 2019.[106] Location shooting also took place in St Abbs, Scotland, which doubled for New Asgard in Norway.[107] Evans and Hemsworth each earned $15 million for the film.[108]

On December 7, 2018, with the release of the film's first trailer, the title was revealed to be Avengers: Endgame, while also moving its release date in the United States to April 26, 2019.[109] Visual effects for the film were created by Industrial Light & Magic, Weta Digital, DNEG, Framestore, Cinesite, Digital Domain, Rise, Lola VFX, Cantina Creative, Capital T, Technicolor VFX, and Territory Studio.[110] As with previous MCU films, Lola once again worked on the de-aging sequences. The 1970 New Jersey sequences featuring a young Hank Pym referenced Michael Douglas' appearance in The Streets of San Francisco.[111] Jeffrey Ford and Matthew Schmidt served as the film's editors.[112]

Development

The marketing campaign for Endgame is the largest for any Marvel Studios film, surpassing $200 million and beating Infinity War's $150 million campaign.[121] Promotional partners include Stand Up to Cancer, Mastercard, Ulta Beauty, the Audi e-tron GT Concept car (which is also featured in the film),[122] McDonald's, GEICO, Coca-Cola, Google, General Mills, Hertz, Ziploc, Oppo, and Synchrony Financial.[121]

A year prior to the film's release, Germain Lussier of io9 spoke on the approach Marvel might have to take in marketing the film, given the end of Infinity War, which sees many established characters die. He questioned if those characters would appear on posters and in toy campaigns and if the actors portraying them would participate in press events leading up to the film's release. Lussier felt Disney and Marvel could focus on the original Avengers team members, who make up the majority of the living characters, but noted it would be more beneficial to show the return of the dead characters, which would "build a mystery and curiosity about how they come back. It could create a whole new level of interest about the film while having all the stars front and center, as they should be".[123]

In June 2018, Feige spoke to this, stating that these dead characters would not be featured in any marketing for the film, though the decision regarding that could change.[124] He presented a behind-the-scenes video from the film at CineEurope,[125][126] and said that the official marketing campaign for the film would begin at the end of 2018 with the announcement of the film's title then.[127] In early December 2018, ahead of the first trailer's release, Graeme McMillan of The Hollywood Reporter spoke to the "fevered anticipation" surrounding it. McMillan felt what was so remarkable about the anticipation, was that it was mostly "fan-created, without noticeable direction from Marvel or the filmmakers involved" and that the amount of knowledge surrounding the film without any type of promotion was "a kind of brand awareness that most studios would kill for". Because of this, McMillan urged Marvel not to release any trailers for the film since "the advanced level of enthusiasm that's already out there for the movie... is only likely to build as it gets closer to" the film's release. That said, he added that the eventual release of the trailer would take away the "Schrödinger's cat-esque position... it currently enjoys" as it was "almost guaranteed to disappoint fans, who have by this point built up their own personal trailers filled with whatever moments are essential to their enjoyment of a good teaser".[128]

The first trailer for the film was released on December 7, 2018.[129] Dustin Sandoval, vice president of digital marketing for Marvel Studios, stated the marketing team "actively made the choice not to include the title or hashtag of the movie in our trailer posts so fans could see it at the end reveal without it being spoiled".[130] Richard Newby, also of The Hollywood Reporter felt, while not much new was revealed in the trailer, it "offers a somber glimpse of a universe made unrecognizable" and lets the viewer "sit, rightfully so, with the ending of Avengers: Infinity War and our questions of loss". Newby also noted how the trailer "calls back to beginnings of the MCU... [as] the visual language used in the trailer does a great service by highlighting these characters' humble beginnings", and concluded it leaves viewers with "just as many questions as we had before".[129] Austen Goslin of Polygon pointed out that the title not only references a line Doctor Strange tells Tony Stark in Infinity War, but also a line spoken by Stark in Avengers: Age of Ultron. Goslin, who felt this was "probably [not] an accident", said, "The scene surrounding this line in Age of Ultron is one of the most important ones in the movie. Things look dark, and the group of heroes face an enemy they don't think they can defeat." As such, the Endgame trailer "mirrors this perfectly" and "shows us that the Avengers' two most prominent characters are who they've always been: Iron Man, a pessimist who keeps fighting no matter how hopeless things look, and Captain America, an optimist who believes that nothing is hopeless when the world's heroes fight together".[131] The trailer was viewed 289 million times in its first 24 hours, becoming the most viewed trailer in that time period, surpassing the record of Avengers: Infinity War (230 million views). The trailer also set a record for Twitter conversation for a film trailer in the first 24 hours generating 549,000 mentions.[132] By January 3, 2019, BoxOffice revealed their "Trailer Impact" metric service indicated approximately 77–78% of people surveyed who viewed the Endgame trailer in the past three weeks expressed interest in seeing the film. In the three weeks it was measured by "Trailer Impact", it was number one for all, and had the top two percent of respondents express interest in seeing the film since the service's introduction in March 2018.[133]

The second trailer for the film, along with the theatrical release poster, was released on March 14, 2019. The poster, featuring 13 characters, had 12 of those actors listed on the top-billing, with Danai Gurira excluded. Despite Gurira's name appearing in the poster's bottom billing block along with Benedict Wong, Jon Favreau, and Gwyneth Paltrow (none of whom were featured on the poster), her exclusion in the top billing prompted criticism from fans.[39][134] Petrana Radulovic of Polygon noted how an actor is credited on the poster "is a complex process" and "the omission of Gurira in the top billing was less of a conscious decision than the ramifications of dealing with agents, fees, and movie star demands."[39]However, later in the day Marvel Studios released an updated poster with Gurira's name in the top billing.[39][134] The second trailer was viewed 268 million times in the first 24 hours, becoming the second most viewed trailer in that time period, behind the film's first trailer.[135

Casting

As of June 24, 2019, Avengers: Endgame has grossed $834.9 million in the United States and Canada, and $1.916 billion in other territories, for a worldwide total of $2.751 billion.[3] It is the highest-grossing film of 2019, as well as the highest-grossing superhero film of all time, highest-grossing film based on a comic book, highest-grossing film released by Walt Disney Studios, second-highest-grossing film of all time worldwide and in the United States and Canada, as well as the fifth-highest-grossing film of all time worldwide when adjusted for inflation.[151]

The film had a worldwide opening of $1.2 billion, the biggest of all time and nearly double Infinity War's previous record of $640.5 million.[152] It was also the fastest film ever to eclipse the $1 billion and $1.5 billion mark, doing so in just five days and eight days respectively (less than half what it took Infinity War).[153] Deadline Hollywood estimated the film would break-even just five days after its release, which is "unheard of for a major studio tentpole during its opening weekend". The website estimated it would turn a net profit of $600–650 million, accounting for production budgets, P&A, talent participations, and other costs, with box office grosses and ancillary revenues from home media.[154] On May 4, the film's earnings at the global box office passed the entire theatrical run of Infinity War and became the fastest film ever to gross $2 billion worldwide, amassing the amount in only 11 days (beating Avatarthat did so in 47 days).[151] It also became the fifth film to surpass this threshold (after AvatarTitanicStar Wars: The Force Awakens, and Infinity War),[155] and the second film in cinematic history to surpass the threshold of $2.5 billion, doing so in just 20 days, outpacing Avatar's record of 72 days.[156]

Pre-sale records

In late December 2018, Endgame was named the second-most anticipated 2019 film by IMDbbehind Captain Marvel, the most anticipated blockbuster of 2019 according to the ticketing service Fandango,[157] and the most anticipated overall film by Atom Tickets.[158]

Due to the high demand when pre-sale tickets became available in the U.S. on April 2, 2019, customers on both Atom Tickets and Fandango experienced long wait times and system delays, while AMC Theatres' website and app crashed completely for several hours. The same day, Fandango announced the film became its top-selling pre-sale title for the first 24 hours, topping Star Wars: The Force Awakens' previous record in just six hours. Atom said the film was also the website's best selling first-day film (outselling Aquaman by four times), and Regal Cinemas reported that Endgame had sold more tickets in its first eight hours than Infinity War did in its entire first week.[159][160] The film grossed $120–140 million in pre-sales alone.[141] The day prior to the film's release, Fandango announced it was its biggest pre-selling title of all time, beating The Force Awakens, with over 8,000 sold out showtimes across the country.[161]

In India, the film sold one million tickets in just one day for the English, Hindi, Tamil, and Telugu language screenings; 18 tickets were sold every second.[141] In China, pre-sale tickets became available on April 12 and sold a record one million tickets in just six hours, outselling Infinity War's first 24 hour total within the first hour,[162] and made $114.5 million (RMB 770 million) just from pre-sales.[163]

United States and Canada

Chart of the North American box office gross of Avengers: Endgame against the four highest-grossing films in the market.

On April 4, industry tracking projected the film would gross $200–250 million domestically during its opening weekend, although some insiders saw those figures as conservative and expected a $260–300 million-debut.[164][165] By the week of its release, domestic estimates had risen to $260–270 million, with some insiders still suggesting a $300 million debut was possible. The film played in 4,662 theaters, 410 of which were in IMAX; it is the widest release ever, surpassing the record of Despicable Me 3's 4,529 theaters.[141][166] Avengers: Endgame earned $357.1 million in its opening weekend, breaking Infinity War's record by nearly $100 million. It also set records for Friday ($157.5 million, including $60 million from Thursday night previews), Saturday ($109.3 million) and Sunday ($90.4 million) totals, as well as was more of a total gross alone than the previous box office high of all films combined ($314 million).[153] The film then made $36.9 million on Monday and $33.1 million on Tuesday, both the third-highest of all time.[167][168] In its second weekend the film made $147.4 million (the second-best sophomore frame ever) for a 10-day total of $621.3 million. It was the fastest film to ever pass the $600 million milestone, beating The Force Awakens' 12 days and less than half the 26 days it took Infinity War.[169] The following week, the film grossed $64.8 million, the fourth-best third weekend ever. It also passed the $700 million mark, tying The Force Awakens'record of 16 days.[170] Endgame was finally dethroned in its fourth weekend by newcomer John Wick: Chapter 3 – Parabellum, however its $29.3 million was enough for it to pass Avatar as the second-highest grossing film ever domestically.[171] It made $17.2 million the following weekend (and a total of $22.3 million over the four-day Memorial Day frame), crossing the $800 million threshold domestically.[172]

Other territories

Internationally, Endgame was projected to gross around $680 million over its first five days for a global debut of $850–950 million.[166][173][141] The film was initially projected to gross $250–280 million in China in its opening weekend,[141] but made a record $107.5 million (RMB 719 million) in the country on its first day, including $28.2 million (RMB 189 million) from midnight, 3 AM and 6 AM screenings, beating The Fate of the Furious' previous record of $9.1 million. Due to the record-breaking first day, partnered with word of mouth (with a 9.1 on local review aggregator Douban and a 9.3 on ticket website Maoyan), debut projections were increased to over $300 million.[163] Overall, the film made $169 million on the first day from international countries, the highest total of all time. Its largest markets after China were India ($9 million), South Korea ($8.4 million; the largest non-holiday single day gross ever), Australia ($7.1 million), France ($6 million) and Italy ($5.8 million).[152] Like domestically, the film ended up over-performing and debuted to $866.5 million overseas. Not only was it the highest foreign amount ever, but it was single-handedly more than Infinity War's global opening of $640 million. Its largest markets, every one of which set the record for best-ever opening in the country, were China ($330.5 million; RMB 2.22 billion), the United Kingdom ($53.8 million), South Korea ($47.4 million), Mexico ($33.1 million), Australia ($30.8 million), Brazil ($26 million), Spain ($13.3 million), Japan ($13 million)[152] and Vietnam ($10 million).[174] It also made $21.6 million over its first four days in Russia after a delay of its premiere that was caused by the Russian government.[144][175][176]

In its first week, the film's top five largest international markets were China ($459.4 million), the United Kingdom ($68.2 million), South Korea ($60.3 million), Mexico ($48.6 million), and India ($40.9 million).[177] A week after its release, it became the highest-grossing foreign film of all time in China[178] and India.[179] In its second weekend the film's running total passed $1.569 billion from international markets, passing Titanic as the second-highest film overseas of all time.[155]

Critical response

The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoesreported an approval rating of 94% with an average score of 8.29/10, based on 471 reviews. The website's critics consensus reads, "Exciting, entertaining, and emotionally impactful, Avengers: Endgame does whatever it takes to deliver a satisfying finale to Marvel's epic Infinity Saga."[181] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 78 out of 100 based on 57 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[182] Audiences polled for CinemaScore gave the film a rare "A+" grade, the third Marvel film to earn the score after The Avengers and Black Panther, while those at PostTrak gave it 5 out of 5 stars and a "definite recommend" of 85%.[153]

Writing for NPR, Glen Weldon gave the film a positive review and found the film to be a worthy sequel to its predecessor, stating, "The Russos' decision to stick close to the experiences of the remaining Avengers proves a rewarding one, as they've expressly constructed the film as an extended victory lap for the Marvel Cinematic Universe writ large. Got a favorite character from any Marvel movie over the past decade, no matter how obscure? Prepare to get serviced, fan."[183] Peter Travers in his review for Rolling Stone magazine gave the film 4 out of 5 stars, saying "You don’t have to make jokes about the clichéd time travel plot — the film is ready, willing and able to make its own, with Back to the Future coming in for a serious ribbing."[184] Peter Debruge of Variety wrote, "After the must-see showdown that was Infinity War, the Russo brothers deliver a more fan-facing three-hour followup, rewarding loyalty to Marvel Cinematic Universe.[185] J.R. Kinnard of PopMatters wrote "Big budget action filmmaking doesn't get much better than this."[186] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reportersaid, "[W]hat comes across most strongly here, oddly enough for an effects-driven comic-book-derived film, is the character acting, especially from Downey, Ruffalo, Evans, Hemsworth, Brolin and Paul Rudd".[187] Richard Roeper, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, gave the film four stars and called it "the undisputed champion [of the MCU] when it comes to emotional punch". Roeper went on to praise the "funny, well-paced, smart, expertly rendered screenplay by Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely, crisp direction from Anthony Russo and Joe Russo..., and the universally stellar performances [of the cast]."[188]

The New York Times reviewer A. O. Scott gave the film a positive though guarded review, stating, "Endgame is a monument to adequacy, a fitting capstone to an enterprise that figured out how to be good enough for enough people enough of the time. Not that it’s really over, of course: Disney and Marvel are still working out new wrinkles in the time-money continuum. But the Russos do provide the sense of an ending, a chance to appreciate what has been done before the timelines reset and we all get back to work."[189] Justin Chang of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Avengers: Endgame achieves and earns its climactic surge of feeling, even as it falls just short of real catharsis".[190]

Some have noted the film as a notable improvement over its predecessor, Avengers: Infinity War, such as Brian Tallerico of RogerEbert.com, who stated that Endgame is "a more patient, focused film [than Infinity War], even as its plot draws in elements of a dozen other movies."[191] Matt Zoller Seitz, also of RogerEbert.com, gave the film a positive assessment as compared with Infinity War, which he considered "too crowded, too rushed and yet too long". Seitz stated that Endgame is "a heartfelt and satisfying experience", along with being a "surprisingly relaxed, character-driven, self-aware yet sincere comedy [for] two-thirds of [the film]. Much of the script suggests a laid-back Richard Linklater movie with superheroes".[192]

Richard Brody, writing for The New Yorker, was more critical of the film, opining that the good acting was not matched by comparable skill from the directors. He said: "The Russos have peculiarly little sense of visual pleasure, little sense of beauty, little sense of metaphor, little aptitude for texture or composition; their spectacular conceit is purely one of scale, which is why their finest moments are quiet and dramatic ones".[193] Anthony Lane of The New Yorkergave the film a compromising review, finding it to be overdeveloped and overwrought, stating: "The one thing you do need to know about Avengers: Endgame is that it runs for a little over three hours, and that you can easily duck out during the middle hour, do some shopping, and slip back into your seat for the climax. You won't have missed a thing."[194]

Filming

Principal photography for Avengers: Infinity War began on January 23, 2017,[142] at Pinewood Atlanta Studios in Fayette County, Georgia,[71] under the working title Mary Lou,[143] with Trent Opaloch serving as director of photography.[22]Additional filming occurred in Scotland, including in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and the Scottish Highlands,[144] with studio work taking place at Wardpark Studios in Cumbernauld.[145][146] Filming in Scotland began on February 28, 2017.[144] From March 18 through April 21, 2017, filming occurred in Old Town, Edinburgh on and around the Royal Mile, including High Street, Parliament Square, Cockburn Street, and Roxburgh Close and Old Fishmarket Close,[147] as well as Waverley Station.[148] Filming also took place at Durham Cathedral in Durham, England in early May 2017,[149]and in St Abbs.[150] Additional filming also occurred at St Giles' Cathedral and Inverness Castle.[150] In late June 2017, filming occurred in Downtown Atlanta,[151] as well as Atlanta's Central Park in early July,[152] before moving to Queens, New York in the middle of the month.[153] For Infinity War's final scene, the filmmakers partnered with Indochina Productions, a studio based in Thailand, to acquire footage of the Banaue Rice Terraces at Ifugao, Philippines.[154] Since Infinity War and Black Panther were filming simultaneously in Atlanta, both production teams worked together closely to ensure a unified presentation of Black Panther's home nation of Wakanda in both films.[155]

In April 2017, Feige stated that the films would not be filmed simultaneously as originally planned but rather back-to-back, and indicated that filming for the Infinity War sequel would commence in August 2017. He explained, "We're doing them one right after another. It became too complicated to cross-board them like that, and we found ourselves—again, something would always pay the price. We wanted to be able to focus and shoot one movie and then focus and shoot another movie."[156] As this decision was made a few months before the start of filming, some of the pre-production work was negatively affected.[57] The films were originally scheduled to be shot concurrently, with the Russos suggesting that "some days we'll be shooting the first movie and some days we'll be shooting the second movie. Just jumping back and forth."[22] Anthony Russo originally felt it made more sense to shoot the films simultaneously, due to financial and logistical reasons, considering the large number of cast members, even though each part is its own distinct film.[157] Some scenes from both films did ultimately get shot on the same day, mainly to accommodate actor availability.[158]

Dan T. Cathy, co-owner of Pinewood Atlanta, noted the films were "the largest film production ever with a [combined] $1 billion budget",[159] which Feige later stated was false;[160] the film had an estimated budget between $316–400 million,[161][162][163] still making it one of the most expensive films ever made.[164] Evans and Hemsworth both earned $15 million for both films.[165] In June 2017, Johansson commented on the amount of characters featured in the films, and felt the films would feature over 60, with at least 30 appearing together in one scene.[166] Filming of Infinity War concluded on July 14, 2017.[167]

Filming on Avengers: Endgame began on August 10, 2017,[168] also at Pinewood Atlanta Studios,[169] under the working title Mary Lou 2.[170] Also in August, additional filming occurred in The Gulch area of Downtown Atlanta, near the Five Points MARTA station, and in Piedmont Park.[171] Location shooting also took place in St Abbs, Scotland, which doubled for New Asgard in Norway.[172] Production on Avengers: Endgame wrapped on January 11, 2018.[173]

The Russo brothers announced that both films would be shot using Arri Alexa IMAX cameras, thus marking the first time that a Hollywood feature film was shot entirely with IMAX digital cameras. The footage was digitally processed by IMAX and released in a 1.90:1 aspect ratio exclusively in IMAX theaters.[174][175] Joe Russo said that because many of the characters are tall, the "IMAX aspect ratio works for those types of characters, and the landscapes are stunning. There are some really exotic landscapes in the film, and to be able to put those on an IMAX screen, it's an incredible tool to have as a filmmaker to be able to exploit that scale of aspect ratio."[42] Opaloch noted that the production would use 12 of the Arri Alexa IMAX cameras, and that Arri was working on lenses with additional focal lengths for the camera. They hoped they would be available by the start of filming, since the production would "need all the accessories and lenses", as it was "such a behemoth of a project".[176] Infinity War was shot mostly with a single-camera setup, opposed to the three camera setup used by the Russos on the Captain America films they directed. The Russos went with this approach to make Infinity War "look bigger" over "the vérité look" the Captain America films had with three cameras.[57] Approximately 890 hours of footage was shot between both films.[177]

Visual Effects

Visual effects for Infinity War were created by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM),[199] Framestore,[200] Method Studios,[201] Weta Digital, DNEG, Cinesite, Digital Domain, Rise, Lola VFX, and Perception.[202] Sequences from the film for the visual effects vendors were given to them beginning in February 2017.[177] Digital Domain worked on creating Thanos for the film, producing over 400 visual effects shots.[198] The company created a new facial capture application called Masquerade, based on the concept of machine learning through computer algorithms, specifically for the film, beginning work on the system 3–4 months before filming began to develop and test it. They presented their results to Brolin, the Russos, and executives from Marvel ahead of filming to demonstrate the subtleties Brolin would be able to bring to the character, which helped inform Brolin how to portray the character.[198]Before the start of filming, Brolin's facial expressions were captured with ILM's Medusa system, which along with his motion capture data from set, were fed to Masquerade to "create a higher-resolution version of what Brolin did on set" so animators could apply that to the CGI character.[203] Kelly Port, Digital Domain's VFX Supervisor, noted the design of Thanos took into account the versions that appeared in previous films, but were adjusted more toward's Brolin's features, which also helped with matching his performance to the digital character.[204] Weta Digital worked on the fight on Titan, where they also created a separate version of Thanos for their needs,[198] applying the performance capture data to the tools Weta developed for their work on the 2010s Planet of the Apes series.[203] Weta worked on 200 shots of him, along with their 250 other effects shots, that included the Titan environment and the other characters in the fight.[198] Digital Domain also created Red Skull, and was aided by reference material from Captain America: The First Avenger to create the CGI character. Port noted there was "a wide spectrum of designs in terms of what he would look like", with some options including having Hugo Weaving reprise the role with make-up, had he returned, and a version "where the Tesseract did very bad things to his appearance, so he was much more skeletal." The final character design was "in between", one that "showed both that the Tesseract did affect him and choose him in some kind of way to be" the guardian of the Soul Stone.[109]

Framestore created 253 shots for the film for the New York fight sequence in the first act of the film. Patric Roos, Framestore's VFX Supervisor, called their shots a "mix of full CG shots, plate shots, FX, set extensions, magic spells and a lot of character work". A portion of the fight sequence was shot in Atlanta, before moving to a fully CGI Washington Square Park. Framestore's Capture Lab spent a month in Manhattan and New Jersey shooting photo reference, LIDAR and gigapixel panoramas to capture the environments that had to be recreated digitally, capturing more than 250,000 photos and 15TB of data. For their work on the Black Order members, Framestore spent close to a year developing their models, working with Marvel Studios' visual development team to create animation vignettes to explore each member's personalities and character traits. Framestore also created Iron Man's new suit, the Mark 50, that is made up of singular nanobots which move around his body to form a suit, and was developed alongside Marvel for about two years, and Spider-Man's Iron Spider armor suit.[200] The models and textures for the Iron Spider suit were shared with fellow visual effects vendor Trixer in order for them to implement them in Spider-Man: Homecoming where it was first seen.[205] Framestore also worked on the Black Order's Q-Ship, and Doctor Strange's "Eldritch magic", which was updated from its first appearance in Doctor Strange.[200]Cinesite's work on the interior of the Q-Ship when Ebony Maw interrogates Strange consisted of 215 shots. The company also worked on the small fight between Iron Man, Spider-Man, Strange and the Guardians on the ship, which required full character animation, blaster and web effects, CGI daggers, Star-Lord's mask, Mantis' antennae, and damage to the Q-Ship.[206]The post-credit sequence, the opening scene in Central Park, the scene when Black Panther presents Bucky Barnes with his new arm, interior shots of the Quinjet, and an establishing shot of the planet Vormir were created by Rise, which totaled 26 shots. For the post-credit sequence, Oliver Schulz, Rise's VFX Supervisor, noted the company had done a similar fading effect for a previous commercial project, so those assets were used as a baseline. The company also received digital assets of Cobie Smulders and Samuel L. Jackson from The Winter Soldier for use in the scene. Schulz noted that part of the sequence's difficulty was because "at a later point in the process the decision was made to not move forward with the filmed plate of Nick Fury—instead we would do a camera takeover and switch to a full CG shot. This included a full CG arm crumbling away in close-up together with a full CG environment. Additionally were also the CG close-up pavement and the all CG pager—which reveals the illuminated Captain Marvel Logo at the end."[207]

Visual effects for Endgame were created by ILM, Weta Digital, DNEG, Framestore, Cinesite, Digital Domain, Rise, Lola VFX, Cantina Creative, Capital T, Technicolor VFX, and Territory Studio.[208] The film has over 3,000 visual effects shots.[189]

Soundtrack

Main article: Blue's Clues (film)/Soundtrack

Transcript

Main article: Blue's Clues (film)/Transcript

Credits

Main article: Blue's Clues (film)/Credits

Trivia

References

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